Plants of the Day

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Vaccinium uliginosum - Bog Bilberry, Alpine Blueberry
(via J. L. Hudson)

> native to cool temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere

> grows on wet acidic soils on heathland, moorland, tundra, and in the
> understory of coniferous forests, from sea level in the Arctic, up to
> 3,400 metres (11,200 ft) altitude in the south of the range.

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaccinium_uliginosum

Images on DDG:
=> https://duckduckgo.com/?q=Vaccinium+uliginosum&iax=images&ia=images

On the packet it says, "Best sown in fall."


Moringa oleifera - Dwarf Moringa

> The moringa tree is grown mainly in semiarid, tropical, and subtropical
> areas, corresponding in the United States to USDA hardiness zones 9 and
> 10. It tolerates a wide range of soil conditions, but prefers a neutral
> to slightly acidic (pH 6.3 to 7.0), well-drained, sandy or loamy
> soil.[13] In waterlogged soil, the roots have a tendency to rot.[13]
> Moringa is a sun- and heat-loving plant, and does not tolerate freezing
> or frost. Moringa is particularly suitable for dry regions, as it can
> be grown using rainwater without expensive irrigation techniques.

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moringa_oleifera

Images on DDG:
=> https://duckduckgo.com/?q=Moringa+oleifera&iar=images&iax=images&ia=images


"The history of mankind for the last four centuries is rather like
that of an imprisoned sleeper, stirring clumsily and uneasily while
the prison that restrains and shelters him catches fire, not waking
but incorporating the crackling and warmth of the fire with ancient
and incongruous dreams, than like that of a man consciously awake to
danger and opportunity."
--H. G. Wells, "A Short History of the World"
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Ungnadia speciosa - Texas or Mexican buckeye

> native to northern Mexico, as well as Texas and southern New Mexico in
> the United States.

> a deciduous shrub or small tree (< 25 ft) that is often multi-trunked.

> Ungnadia seeds are poisonous despite their sweetness, and sometimes
> used as marbles.[11] The foliage is toxic and rarely browsed by
> livestock, but bees produce honey from the floral nectar.[6]

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ungnadia

(Image search link omitted.  DDG started showing an ad roll above the
search results.  Boo.  I checked Bing: crap; and Yandex: excellent!  But
Russian, and they're invading Ukraine right now so no.  Not google
because not google.  ... A problem for another day.)


Rubus ursinus - California blackberry, Pacific dewberry, trailing blackberry

> The name is from rubus for "bramble" and ursinus for "bear".

> branches can take root if they touch soil

> deciduous ... dioecious ... As with other Rubus, the canes are
> typically vegetative the first year, and reproductive in the second.

> The flowers are white with narrower petals than most related species,
> and have a fragrance.[4] The sweet, very aromatic, edible fruits are
> dark purple, dark red, or black and up to 2 centimetres (3⁄4 inch) in
> length.[5]

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rubus_ursinus
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Geranium robertianum - herb-Robert

> The plant has many vernacular names, including red robin, death come
> quickly, fox geranium, stinking Bob, squinter-pip (Shropshire) and
> crow's foot. or (in North America) Roberts geranium

> It grows as a procumbent (prostrate or trailing) to erect annual or
> biennial plant, up to fifty centimetres high, producing small, pink,
> five-petalled flowers (8–14 mm in diameter)[3] from April until the
> autumn. The leaves are deeply dissected, ternate to
> palmate,[3][4]: 174  the stems reddish and prominently hairy; the
> leaves also turn red at the end of the flowering season. 

> if [crushed leaves] are rubbed on the body the smell is said to repel
> mosquitoes

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geranium_robertianum

We have these growing wild in the front at Park Merced.  Very pretty tiny
pink/purple flowers and a distinctive smell.


Sauromatum venosum - VOODOO LILY

> Greenish yellow spathes with deep purple markings, 12 - 30" long. Large
> glossy green fan-like divided leaves. Reaches 4 - 6 feet with age.
> Indian Himalayas. Hardy to Zone 5. Odd. Seed germinates in 3 - 4 weeks,
> and up to 10 weeks, needs light, surface sow. Corms may be stored dry
> for years with no loss of viability.

=> https://www.jlhudsonseeds.net/Supplement%20M-Z.htm

> native to Asia and Africa, where it grows in forests and riparian
> meadows

> The mature flowers emit an odor described as "putrid" and compared to
> rotting meat.[1] The odor is attractive to insects such as flies, which
> pollinate the plant.[1] Like some other aroids it is a thermogenic
> plant, generating its own heat.[3]

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sauromatum_venosum

See also:

=> https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=255908

I grew some of these from corms I ordered from J. L. Hudson.  Very pretty
plant, light purple spots on the stems.  No flowers so far.  I gave the
last one to the neighbors when we started moving.  I have some seeds
(also from JLH) that I hope to start soon.
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Viburnum edule - MOOSEBERRY

> squashberry,[1] mooseberry,[1] moosomin,[2][3] moosewood viburnum,[4] pembina,[5][6] pimina,[7] highbush cranberry,[8] or lowbush cranberry[8] is a species of shrub native to Canada and the northern parts of the US. It stands roughly 2 m (6.5 ft) tall with many stems and smooth branches.[9]

> The tart berries ripen early in spring[10] and are eaten by various birds and mammals.[4] With the seeds removed, they are edible to humans as well,[11] and can be made into jam.[10]

> can be found growing in moist soils of various forested regions.[17] It is also found growing in dense areas of trees and shrubs, alongside wetlands and bodies of water, and at higher elevations on gravel banks.[6] The ideal type of soil for Viburnum edule is moist alluvial soil that has good drainage.[6] This

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viburnum_edule


Verbesina alternifolia

Golden honey plant, wingstem, crownbeard, yellow ironweed.

> native to North America ... grows in fertile, moist low-lying areas, such as near creeks and in open bottomland woods, usually not far from a body of water or woodland

> larval host to the gold moth (Basilodes pepita) and the silvery checkerspot (Chlosyne nycteis)

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verbesina_alternifolia


Both via: J. L. Hudson, Seedsman
=> https://www.jlhudsonseeds.net/Supplement%20M-Z.htm
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Apocynum cannabinum - dogbane

> dogbane, amy root, hemp dogbane, prairie dogbane, Indian hemp,
> rheumatism root, or wild cotton

> It is poisonous to humans, dogs, cats, and horses. All parts of the
> plant are toxic and can cause cardiac arrest if ingested.

I did not know that.  It has various medicinal uses, also fiber, and
edible seeds?

Need more information...

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apocynum_cannabinum


Anthyllis vulneraria - Lady's Fingers

> the common kidneyvetch, kidney vetch[4] or woundwort[5] is a medicinal
> plant[6] native to Europe. The name vulneraria means "wound healer".[7]

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthyllis_vulneraria
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Cassia marilandica aka Senna marilandica - WILD SENNA

> Likes wet soil. Sow in early spring with heat. Protect with a straw
> mulch in severe climates. A fine native perennial. Used medicinally by
> the Indians and settlers, especially the Shakers.

=> https://www.jlhudsonseeds.net/SeedlistCA.htm

> native in the United States from Nebraska to the west, Florida and
> Texas to the south, Wisconsin to the north, and New York to the
> east.[8] It is a species of special concern in Wisconsin.[9] The plant
> is found in woodland edges, open fields, and thickets, and in moist
> areas such as riverbanks and moist prairies.[6][10]

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Senna_marilandica



> Tropics. Cut back after flowering. Fast growing and short-lived. The
> leaves are used throughout the Tropics for skin ailments, due to their
> chrysophanic acid content. The bark is used for tattooing in Africa.
> Zone 6. Soak, nick hard ones, to germinate in 1 - 4 weeks or so.

=> https://www.jlhudsonseeds.net/SeedlistCA.htm

> emperor's candlesticks,[1] candle bush,[2] candelabra bush, Christmas
> candles,[3] empress candle plant, ringworm shrub,[3] or candletree. A
> remarkable species of Senna, it was sometimes separated in its own
> genus, Herpetica. 

> very effective fungicidal properties, for treating ringworm and other
> fungal infections of the skin. The leaves are ground in a mortar to
> obtain a kind of "green cotton wool". This is mixed with the same
> amount of vegetable oil and rubbed on the affected area two or three
> times a day. A fresh preparation is made every day.[7] Its active
> ingredients include the yellow chrysophanic acid. 

> Its laxative effect, due to its anthraquinone content, is also well
> proven.

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cassia_alata

The flowers resemble mullien.


Tacca integrifolia - white batflower, black lily

> in the yam family of Dioscoreaceae

> grows in the understorey of humid primary and secondary rainforests,
> growing in the leaf litter in shady sites.[5][3]: 391  It also grows in
> sandy or rocky soils.

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tacca_integrifolia

Crazy wonderful flowers.


Canavalia ensiformis - JACK BEAN

> Tender young pods eaten like green beans, picked before the seed swell
> (half grown) and cooked—toxic raw. Young shoots eaten cooked, and fully
> grown green seeds eaten cooked, but mature seeds are toxic unless
> boiled repeatedly and peeled. Highly productive, yielding 800 - 4600
> kilos seed per hectare, and 40 - 50 metric tons green material, used
> for compost or stock feed.

=> https://www.jlhudsonseeds.net/Supplement%20A-C.htm

> a twining plant up to 1 metre (3.3 ft) in height. It has deep roots,
> which makes it drought resistant. The plant can spread via long
> runners. The flowers are pink-purple in colour. The pods are up to 36
> centimetres (14 in) long

> beans are mildly toxic, and copious consumption should be avoided.
> Boiling will, however, remove toxicity if done properly. Young foliage
> is also edible. The whole plant is used for fodder, although it cannot
> be used in fodder mixtures containing urea, since it contains large
> quantities of the enzyme urease, which liberates harmful ammonia from
> urea. For this reason C. ensiformis has been investigated as a
> potential source of the urease enzyme. It is also the source of
> concanavalin A, a lectin used in biotechnology applications, such as
> lectin affinity chromatography.

> they thrive in warm, sunny, places with much water or rain.

=> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canavalia_ensiformis
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